# How to calculate net income

## Net income (calculation)

Net income formula is business revenue minus expenses and annual taxes. It’s the same formula as net profit.

Net income (and its equation) is the same as net profit.

## Example of a net income calculation

Let’s say your business sells £35,000 worth of products and your expenses were £17,000, while your taxes were £6,000. The net income equation would go like this:

£35,000 - £17,000 - £6,000 = £12,000

Your net income after expenses and taxes would come to £12,000. Net income is the final profit, and can be reinvested in the business or distributed to owners. The net income is also called the bottom line.

## Example of net income from gross

Your business sells £35,000 worth of products and it costs you £14,000 to make them, so your gross profit is £21,000. Your operating expenses come in at a further £3,000, plus you will owe tax of £6,000. The calculation would go like this:

£21,000 - £3,000 - £6,000 = £12,000

### Why net income matters

Net income is the money that a business gets to keep after all expenses have been paid. It’s also the money that sole proprietors pay themselves with. Net income cash can be used for many helpful purposes, such as being banked to help smooth out cash flow in the year ahead or saved for a rainy day. It can also be reinvested into the business to maintain and grow operations, or be distributed amongst owners.

See related terms

## Handy resources

You can search for experts in our advisor directory