# How to calculate net income

## Net income (calculation)

Net income formula is business revenue minus expenses and annual taxes. It’s the same formula as net profit.

Net income (and its equation) is the same as net profit.

## Example of a net income calculation

Let’s say your business sells R35,000 worth of products and your expenses were R17,000, while your taxes were R6,000. The net income equation would go like this:

R35,000 - R17,000 - R6,000 = R12,000

Your net income after expenses and taxes would come to R12,000. Net income is the final profit, and can be reinvested in the business or distributed to owners. The net income is also called the bottom line.

## Example of net income from gross

Your business sells R35,000 worth of products and it costs you R14,000 to make them, so your gross profit is R21,000. Your operating expenses come in at a further R3,000, plus you will owe tax of R6,000. The calculation would go like this:

R21,000 - R3,000 - R6,000 = R12,000

### Why net income matters

Net income is the money that a business gets to keep after all expenses have been paid. It’s also the money that sole proprietors pay themselves with. Net income cash can be used for many helpful purposes, such as being banked to help smooth out cash flow in the year ahead or saved for a rainy day. It can also be reinvested into the business to maintain and grow operations, or be distributed amongst owners.

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