Accountant & Bookkeeper Guides
Small business grants and loans to help your clients
6 min read
There are thousands of small business grants and loans out there, for businesses of all ages, shapes and sizes. And it’s much easier to find and apply for those opportunities than it’s ever been. Here are the best places to start a search.
It’s getting easier to find small business grants and loans
There’s no shortage of small business grants or loans, and they’re a great alternative to traditional financing. There are public and private options ranging in value from $500 to $5 million. It’s just a matter of finding them.
Fortunately that’s getting easier. Dedicated search engines can do most of the work for you.
For businesses of all types
Small business grants and loans are available for all sorts of situations. These programs are designed for a number of reasons, including to help:
create jobs in low- to moderate-income communities
encourage rural business
finance projects that aren’t getting supported by traditional lenders
There are so many programs that you’re bound to be surprised at what you find. They can be quite specific, but these search engines from the Department of Commerce, SBA and BusinessUSA will help you find relevant initiatives.
Department of Commerce
Kick off your search with the Department of Commerce’s database, which covers nearly every federal grant opportunity. That’s about 1000 grants worth a total of more than $500 billion a year.
The grants are awarded to address social and environmental issues so they’re not always suitable for businesses. It’s worth taking a look, however. You can filter your search by category, eligibility requirements, or government agency.
As a bonus, grants.gov makes it clear how to apply and has standardized application processes. You can also sign up for alerts about upcoming grants.
Don’t forget the state level
State departments of commerce also have grant opportunities for startups and mature businesses. Each state’s site is different and some are more intuitive than others, but it’s worth taking a few minutes to look around your local one.
The Small Business Association
The Small Business Association (SBA) is the leading provider of government loans to small businesses. They do have to be paid back, but the interest rates are favorable and the loans can be easier to come by than traditional bank finance. The funds are channeled through third-party organizations, including nonprofit and commercial lenders.
At a broad level, the SBA offers:
general small business loans for starting, acquiring or expanding a small business
real estate loans, which can also be used for fixed assets (such as manufacturing equipment). These loans can be as big as $5 million for businesses that provide important jobs or services
microloans of up to $50,000 to help businesses that need extra working capital, new inventory or machinery and equipment (the average loan amount is $13,000)
Besides finance, the SBA also gives new business owners free advice, consulting and training. It’s worth your clients knowing where to find their nearest office.
BusinessUSA finance wizard
By answering just four multi-choice questions on the BusinessUSA financing tool, you can create a list of state and federal finance programs relevant to a client’s business.
National Association for the Self-Employed
Small businesses can get mini “growth grants” of up to $4,000 to cover equipment, marketing or contractor costs. These small business grants are awarded four times a year and your client can apply by becoming a member of the National Association for the Self-Employed, then applying online.
Rural business development grants
The US Department of Agriculture offers grants to encourage business in rural areas. To be eligible, your client’s business must have fewer than 50 employees and less than $1 million in gross revenues.
There’s no maximom grant amount, though they generally range from $10,000 to $500,000. Take a look at the criteria for the Rural Business Development Grants.
Small business grants and government loans might be just what your clients needs to break through and unlock business growth.
Small Business Innovation Research program
Business owners who aim to bring new technologies to market may be eligible for grants from the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. Administered by the Small Business Administration, it helps businesses that are:
conducting research and development themselves
working with research institutions to commercialize new technologies
Support for minority businesses
With 40 business centers across the USA, the Minority Business Development Association (MBDA) offers many resources to help minorities get a start in business. That includes guidance on how to access loans from the SBA.
The Department of Transport helps minority-owned small businesses compete for contracts with state, federal, public transport and airport agencies. Check out their Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program.
Finding private investors through government programs
Each year, the government connects small businesses with billions of dollars worth of private investment, through the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) program.
Private financiers provide the capital for this program. The money is distributed to qualified investment firms by the government’s Small Business Administration. Those investment firms are chosen for their expertise in specific industries. Qualifying small businesses can access the capital as debt or in exchange for equity.
The SBIC program has launched successful brands such as FedEx, Intel, Staples, and Outback Steakhouse. However, this type of funding is much more commercially complex than grant schemes. If any of your clients considers this route, make sure they have good investment advice.
Your clients may be looking for small business grants and finance but they shouldn’t overlook the other types of support that are out there. It can be a lot easier to get free advice and business consultation, or low-cost training – and that can be just as valuable.
Small Business Development Centers (SBDC) provide help with business planning, market research, exporting and importing, manufacturing and more. There’s probably an SBDC near you.
There will be work involved
Government grants or loans can be an excellent option for small businesses in certain industries or locations.
If they’re going for a small business grant, it’s important to remind clients that it’s not free money.
The application will have to be well put together (get help from the local SBDC).
Grant programs can be very competitive so don’t count on getting the funds.
Many grants require government reporting (showing how the money is used).
Government-backed small business loans are more widely available than grants and often come with low interest rates. But as with other commercial lending, applicants are more likely to succeed if they have:
a solid business plan
- a service or product that shows profit and growth potential
Small business grants and loans are worth exploring
No matter how big or small your clients might be – or how long they’ve been in business – there could be a program to help them. Small business grants can be very specific and competition for them can be high, but there might just be one that fits your client’s niche. Meanwhile government-backed loans are much more widely available and can really help solve financing issues.
You can help your client find a program and prepare an application, or you can point them to these sites and suggest they work with an SBDC. It might be just what they need to break through and unlock solid business growth.